Building Information Platform Against Disaster (BIPAD) is a Government owned integrated and comprehensive Disaster Information Management System (DIMS). This one stop platform has been developed with the concept of creating a national portal embedded with independent platforms for national, provincial, and municipal governments with a bottom up approach of disaster data partnership. A home grown initiative led by the Government of Nepal (GoN), Ministry of Home Affairs (MoHA), National Emergency Operation Centre (NEOC) with the technical support from Youth Innovation Lab, BIPAD equips the GoN with the latest cutting-edge technological tools to enhance the disaster preparedness and response of all spheres of government with the spirit of enhancing the disaster resilience of the country. Hosted in GoN’s domain (http://bipad.gov.np/), BIPAD has the potential to enhance preparedness, communication, and response - especially post-incident coordination.
The first phase of the development was supported under the ‘Innovation Fund Award’ by the Asia Foundation in partnership’s Data for Development programme under the financial support of UK aid. The second phase of the technical development is under the financial support by the UK aid under the Department of International Development (DFID) Nepal.
With the complex geography and diverse climatic conditions, Nepal is vulnerable to a multitude of disasters. The country stands at the top 20th list of the most multi-hazard prone countries in the world and ranked 4th, 11th and 30th in terms of climate change, earthquake and flood risk respectively (MoHA, 2018). Disaster related data/information is one of the most crucial components for policy making, planning, and implementing Disaster Risk Reduction and Management activities.
In the past, different governmental and nongovernmental organizations have attempted to develop disaster related portals to collect, manage and share information about different aspects of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR). However, most of them were developed for the organizations’ internal use with very limited access to the public. This led to scattered, scanty and non-synchronized data. The lack of integration of these datasets into a single portal made it difficult to find disaster data and information, build a comprehensive picture of disaster scenarios in different parts of Nepal and ensure effective preparedness and response activities. This resulted in an unconsolidated and uncoordinated effort to enhance disaster resilience of the country
BIPAD aims to bring together all credible digital and spatial data into a single platform to strengthen the preparedness, mitigation and response activities of all related stakeholders working in this sector. As envisioned by the GoN, this system has been developed with independent platforms for all spheres of government and adopts a bottom up approach of data partnership. Having separate platforms, BIPAD has been developed with a communication mechanism that allows the local, provincial and federal government as well as Nepal Police to communicate through the system for data enrichment and verification.
To cover the whole spectrum of DRR, six separate modules have been developed that provides datasets on alerts, disaster incidents, damage and loss, realtime, risk information (hazard, exposure, vulnerability, capacity and resources) and DRRM projects. Having general features for all modules and specific features for each module, BIPAD is solely a user-centric system. The development of this system has been an iterative process including extensive research, consultation with government officials, experts and most importantly the end-users to ensure its effective utility and usability.
BIPAD is the first ever government owned integrated portal that has been developed solely within the local capacity. Technically led by YI-Lab, three of the best youth led tech-based local organizations and technical officials of NEOC worked together for the development of BIPAD. With the involvement of professionals with international degrees in Disaster Risk and Resilience, Disaster Risk Management and Climate Change, their diverse expertise has been leveraged throughout the development process.
Acknowledging local and indigeneous knowledge as an important driving factor for DRR, use of citizen science has been one of the major aspects of BIPAD. Having multiple users from all spheres from the government, this system has been developed in such a way that users at each sphere can use and contribute in the system. With read/write web function, users will be able to input the data and visualize from the same platform easily..
Adopting a user-centric approach, each and every datasets including maps is open to download and print. With the unique data sharing mechanism, this system can also link to API’s of other portal such as Department of Hydrology rainfall and water level data, National Seismology Centre earthquake data, Nepal Government air pollution data and ICIMOD forest fire and streamflow data directly and visualize the data into the system.
BIPAD is embedded with independent platforms for 753 local governments, 7 provincial governments and the federal government to collect, store and maintain their own disaster database.
The system is currently in its second phase and by February 2020, 80 percent of technical development will be accomplished.
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